Energy supplies

By 2006, CO2 emissions in the EU15 were reduced by almost 3% relative to 1990. This means that the EU15 is still 5% short of the joint reduction goal of 8%, which amounts to around 217 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent. Among the EU15 countries, only Sweden, the UK, Greece and France have achieved their targets for 2006, whereas Luxembourg, for example, must lower its emissions by 31.4% if it is to meet its obligations. The largest room for manoeuvre is given to the new EU Member States. Their status as transformation countries means that they are undergoing considerable structural changes and, as a result, are showing considerable reductions in comparison with their emissions in the base year. However, they are not subject to the joint reduction obligations but to their respective national target values set as part of the Kyoto Protocol.